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代词一致

作者:时间:点击数:

 

 

 

 

条    件

要    求

例     句

代词作主语时

必须与它所代表的名词或代词在人

称、数、性上保持一致。名词的性

无法确定时,可用阳或阴性代词。

Every student can make progress if he / she

makes good use of his / her time.

国家、船只等名词做

主语时

常被看作是阴性,用she, her

代替。

China will resolutely carry out her current economic reform.

each, every, either,

neither, one修饰主语时

其相应的代词一般为单数。

Every student has got his / her text books.

Every college student should find his / her

own study method.

everything, anything,

something, nothing

做主语时

其相应代词通常采用单数形式。

Everything is all right, isn’t it?

Nothing has gone wrong, isn’t it?

不定代词one

主语时

其相应的代词可以是one / one’s,

也可以是he / his

One should wash one’s hair regularly.

One should constantly think of one’s / his weakness.

or, nor, either…or,

neither…nor,

not only…but also

连接并列主语时

要遵循毗邻原则,即其相应代词

的数和性要与毗邻的主语一致。

Not only the police but also the old man tries his best to help that little boy.

and 连接两个名词

做主语时

如果主语被each, every, many a 等

词语修饰,其相应代词多用单数。

Every boy and girl has his / her study habits.

如所指是同一人或物,其相应的

代词用单数。

The composer and singer was well received

by the audience.

The owner and pilot was unwilling to leave

 his crashed plane.

如所指是不同的人或物,代词用

复数。

The owner and the pilot were unwilling to

leave their crashed plane.

集合名词做主语时

表示整体概念时,其相应的代词

用单数。

This class is very large. It consists of 120

students.

表示成员时,代词用复数。

The class are discussing a hot topic. They all express their ideas freely and enthusiastically.

 

 

 

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