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关系词的语法功能

作者:时间:点击数:

 

1. 连接作用,引出定语从句;

2. 关系词指代句中的先行词,甚至可指代主句中的一部分或整个主句;

3. 并在定语从句中充当一个成分。

 

先行词

关系词在定语从句中充当的成分

 

主语

宾语

介词

宾语

定语

表语

宾语

补足语

状语

表示人

who,

 that,

as

whom,

that,

as, who

whom

whose

(= of whom)

who, as, which

which

 

表示物

that, which,

as

that, which,

as

which

whose

(= of which)

that, as, which

which

 

表示时间

 

 

 

 

 

 

when, that,

介词+which

表示地点

 

 

 

 

 

 

where, that,

介词+which

表示原因

 

 

 

 

 

 

why, that,

for which

表示方式

 

 

 

 

 

 

that,

in which

 

例句:

1. The tall girl who / whom Tom is talking with is our monitor.

和汤姆说话的那个高个子姑娘是我们的班长。

2. She will become the famous writer which / that her parents expect her to be.

她会成为父母所期望的那种著名作家的。

3. He is a man whom everybody respects.

他是一个人人都尊敬的人。

4. This is the boy whose father (= the father of whom) is my teacher.

就是这个男孩,他的父亲是我的老师。

5. The young man who / that is singing is my old classmate.

正在唱歌的那个年轻人是我的老同学。

6. He is not the same as he was.

他和从前不一样了。

7. 1949 was the year when (= in which) the People’s Republic of China was founded. 

1949年是中华人民共和国成立的那一年。

8. I recently went back to the village where I was born.

最近我回到了我出生的村庄。

9. That is the reason why I am in favor of revising the program.

这就是我赞成修改规划的理由。

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